Category Archives: Ethics & Morality

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Half Hour Talks On Character Building

Category : Ethics & Morality

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Continuation of Philosophy 178 in the careful, line-by-line translation of passages of advanced difficulty from German philosophical texts, both classic (Kant, Fichte, Hegel, Schopenhauer) and contemporary (Heidegger, Wittgenstein, Habermas). The second experiment that I will mention derives from the parable of the Good Samaritan, which goes like this. "And who is my neighbor?" Now one of the reasons that art is both attractive and provocative and dangerous, is precisely because when you combine that with morally problematic attitudes or a morally problematic interest, so for example in children, it’s very difficult for us, because at one and the same time at least if the artist is any good they can get us to start looking at, for example, children in ways in which we suddenly find are morally problematic.
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Quiet Talks on Power

Category : Ethics & Morality

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In such cases our moral philosophers seek to impose a dilemma upon us. "If we have a case where the term `unjust' applies purely in virtue of a factual description, can't one raise the question whether one sometimes conceivably ought to do injustice? In general the system works but it could always be improved. Finding such evidence, one takes it to support the hypothesis. Modern moral philosophy began as the effort to answer questions like those raised most effectively by Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592).
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And Man Created God...

Category : Ethics & Morality

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I think the main difference is that ethics is dictated by what others think and their standards. The essential difference between Plato and Socrates is in scope--Socrates arguments were limited to a discussion of ethics--whereas Plato's work includes epistemology, metaphysics, political science, and ethics. ... This article especially attempts to show that meaningful links between the two concepts possible by using theoretical frameworks constructed by the most influential philosophers of science such as Kuhn and Lakatos.
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Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future

Category : Ethics & Morality

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Such dependency, however, essentially means abject and demoralizing peonage. Here then we see philosophy brought to a critical position, since it has to be firmly fixed, notwithstanding that it has nothing to support it either in heaven or earth. The reasoning of Ruse is at worst a text-book example of the genetic fallacy and at best only proves that our subjective perception of objective moral values has evolved. One man-‑a philosopher-‑may say that since justice is a virtue, and injustice a vice, and virtues and vices are built up by the performances of the action in which they are instanced, an act of injustice will tend to make a man bad; and essentially the flourishing of a man qua man consists in his being good (e.g. in virtues); but for any X to which such terms apply, X needs what makes it flourish, so a man needs, or ought to perform, only virtuous actions; and even if, as it must be admitted may happen, he flourishes less, or not at all, in inessentials, by avoiding injustice, his life is spoiled in essentials by not avoiding injustice‑so he still needs to perform only just actions.
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Trust of People, Words, and God: A Route for Philosophy of

Category : Ethics & Morality

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None of the preceding is sufficient, I admit, to dismiss a basic challenge to existential ethics: if the individual defines a personal morality, how can an ethical system be developed? The point is that ethical situations usually involve a complicated interplay and tension of these concerns--this is the difficulty of ethical life. Famed objections to the Kantian absolute moral ban of lying, however, come also from the consideration of more dramatic scenarios. Apathea - Since passion is irrational, life should be waged as a battle against it.
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Character Building : Being Addresses Delivered on Sunday

Category : Ethics & Morality

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Ethics examines the rational justification for our moral judgments; it studies what is morally right or wrong, just or unjust. Aristotle held that eudaimonia is constituted, not by honor, wealth or power, but by rational activity in accordance with virtue over a complete life, what might be described today as productive self-actualization. Thus, following a philosophical tradition endorsed and exemplified by Hume and Descartes, philosophers have insisted that philosophical inquiry "start" with the "hard" and "secure" data of immediate experience and awareness, and then "move out," cautiously and deliberately, to conjectures about "the external world," "other minds," and so forth.
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On Human Nature: Anthropological, Biological, and

Category : Ethics & Morality

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In fact, some of the most effective discussions for promoting moral development occur between child and child versus child and adult (Nucci, 2001). With usage of computers for communication being more preferred than pen and paper, following computer ethics have become a must for each and everyone! We are, each day, confronted by personal, social and environmental problems. Such a coalition is possible only if insiders can be distinguished from excluded outsiders and only if it is possible to keep members from defecting to other groups.
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Konrad Morgen: The Conscience of a Nazi Judge

Category : Ethics & Morality

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Then the circumstances reversed as "Beelzebub cast out Beelzebub," and the Marxian Communist, with the spirit of Lenin and lead by Stalin, marched back through Poland and the other countries that had been tortured by the Nazis. Ethics is a very broad term that applies to a variety of contexts. Environmental ethics - concerned with human attitudes towards the environment, such as animal rights, conservation, and climate change. Nature had so provided that each man establishes for himself a code of moral concepts and principles which are applicable to the details of practical life, without the necessity of awaiting the conclusions of science.
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COMMON SENSE Easton Press

Category : Ethics & Morality

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Much of the confusion between these two words can be traced back to their origins. The rules of proper conduct within a group or organization: business ethics, medical ethics, etc. There are several arguments people have put forth to defend moral relativism. Or Aristotle, the Doctrine of the Mean, and Virtue Ethics Read: Aristotle: excerpts from the Nicomachean Ethics, online: Briefly explain Aristotle’s use of the word “virtue” and his Doctrine of the Mean.
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An Appeal to Honour and Justice, Though It Be of His Worst

Category : Ethics & Morality

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This s the verdict both of science and history, and the view of every one of the world's religions.” “It is no coincidence that every civilisation in human history has recognised at its foundation an element of sacredness, to which the civil authority is ultimately bound. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/ Johnson, M. But Darwall builds a responsiveness to second-personal reasons into the relevant notion of rationality, while Scanlon simply makes the empirical claim that many people are motivated by a desire to justify themselves to others, and notes that his definition of morality will yield rules that will allow one to do this, if one follows them.
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